Basic System Set-up for Cylinder Hydraulics
When it comes to doing things yourself, you can save a lot of money.
However, when you are trying to do a basic system set-up for cylinders, there is a little more that goes into all of it than just putting some parts together.
Let’s look at the basics to get you started.
What Does a Cylinder Hydraulic Systems Do?
Cylinders are what apply hydraulic force.
What does this mean?
Well, in simple terms, hydraulics produces flow.
When there is resistance to this flow, pressure is created.
Cylinders apply flow and produce pressure to move that flow.
Engine cylinders are usually classified by whether they are single or double acting depending on how the fluid is being used on the piston.
Let’s Look at the Types of Systems:
There are 6 systems we are going to look at that use cylinders and hydraulics.
#1 Single Acting Cylinder for Pushing:
A single acting push set up is one you would use for a device such as a press to apply pressure to something in order to flatten or shape it to what you need it to be.
A pump applies the hydraulic flow; a gauge monitors the pressure being applied; the hose transports the hydraulic fluid; and the cylinder then applies the pressure to the object being flattened.
In some instances, you may need to pump more to apply the right amount of pressure.
#2 Single Acting Cylinder for Lifting:
A single acting cylinder for lifting things is going to be set up in much the same ways as the push application.
However, the cylinder will have a cylinder plate that allows for stability as it applies the force to lift an object.
#3 Double Acting Cylinder for Lifting
A double-acting cylinder set-up is, also, used for lifting objects, however, this system is used to control and lift objects at a slower pace.
This means you will have two hoses that transport hydraulic fluid to the cylinder and then back to the pump.
#4 Double Acting cylinder for Lifting and Pulling
In setting up a double acting cylinder to lift and pull application, the system uses a manifold that is able to push the hydraulic fluid from one pump to two or more cylinders.
It, also, has a 4-way directional control valve that controls which direction the fluid flows to allow that push/pull process.
#5 Single Acting Cylinders for a two-point Lifting System:
In this system, you are applying pressure to only one side of the piston to two different cylinders.
This helps lift objects in two different points.
#6 Four Point Lifting Set-up for Single Acting Cylinders:
This system uses four cylinders so you can lift objects at 4 different points.
It uses flow control valves to control the amount of hydraulic fluid going into each cylinder as well as safety valves to control the load.
Each cylinder has a base plate to stabilize the cylinder while lifting.
As you can see, there are many different systems for creating a hydraulic system.
The system you choose will depend on whether you want to lift, pull, or pull and lift objects.
It, also, depends on how many points you want the power distributed to.
Have any questions? If so, let us know.
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